Evidence on Physical Activity and Falls Prevention for People Aged 65+ Years
One in three community-dwelling adults over the age of 65 falls each year. Consequences of falls include fractures, head injury, reduced quality of life, fear of falling, loss of confidence and self-restricted activity levels leading to a reduction in physical function and social interaction, which can then increase the risk of further falls.
Exercise is the most commonly research falls prevention intervention.
• Rate of falls compared to control is reduced by 24% from balance and functional exercises.
• Rate of falls compared to control is reduced by 28% involving multiple types of exercise (commonly balance and functional exercise, plus resistance exercises).
• Rate of falls compared to control is reduced by 23% involving Tai Chi.
• The effects of programmes that primarily involve resistance training, dance or walking remain unclear.
• Interventions with a weekly dose of 3 hours + that included balance and functional exercises were particularly effective with a 42% reduction in the rate of falls.
• Exercise continues to be the primary intervention to reduce falls in the older population.
• A combination of balance and functional exercises appears to be best to reduce rates of falls.
• This study supports the suggestion of more than 180 minutes a week of exercise in the older age group to reduce the rate of falls.
We have a variety of exercise classes that will help improve balance, risk of falls, strength, mobility and also provide social interaction and support.